Just like kids, dogs can and often do get sick. Any responsible dog owner knows that a big part of keeping your pet healthy and safe is to ensure that you know which diseases are prevalent in dogs. As a dog owner, it’s so important to recognise the signs that something is wrong and act on it swiftly.
So, knowing which diseases are most common in dogs and how dangerous they are can help you to know how to prevent them and what to do if you think your dog might be sick. Read on to learn about the top 6 diseases in dogs and how dangerous they can be.
Parvovirus is easily prevented with vaccinations and boosters that are administered regularly.
Canine Distemper is an extremely virulent viral infection that is transmitted through the air as well as by direct contact with infected surfaces, i.e., a shared water bowl. Dogs infected with Canine Distemper often show symptoms of a watery or pus-like discharge from their eyes. They will also exhibit a fever, loss of appetite, lethargy, vomiting and nasal discharge.
Canine Distemper is a disease that is hard to treat once it has been contracted and is often fatal.
Heartworm is preventable with preventative medication and for the most part treatable with a rigorous regime of antibiotics, steroids and arsenic injections.
4. Kennel cough
Kennel cough is a highly contagious respiratory infection that causes irritation and inflammation to your dog’s airways. It’s spread through proximity and direct contact with other dogs (hence the name) and the sharing of infected bowls and blankets. Kennel cough is not considered a fatal disease, however, your dog will be uncomfortable, rundown and sore for the duration of the illness.
Kennel cough is treatable with antibiotics, plenty of rest and a cough suppressant if it’s a particularly bad cough. You can keep the likelihood of your dog contracting kennel cough low by ensuring they are up to date with their vaccinations.
Leptospirosis is a bacterial infection that spreads through your dog’s body via its bloodstream. Dogs can come into contact with the bacteria through infected bodies of water or direct or indirect contact with urine from infected wildlife. Most common in tropical or wet environments, Leptospirosis is considered a life-threatening disease if it is not treated by your dog’s vet.
While Leptospirosis is often treatable with antibiotics and plenty of supportive care, it is often much easier to simply reduce the chances of your dog becoming infected by ensuring that they have had their vaccination.
Rabies can be easily prevented with vaccinations, however, once infected, rabies has a high fatality rate. It is considered untreatable with no cure.
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